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富士康印度工厂停摆,苹果手机还是得中国造

作者:博维科技 时间:2020-02-28 15:05
  • 1富士康频频传出去海外建厂的消息,但很多备受瞩目的项目并没有像预期中的那样顺利落地,而是胎死腹中。
  • 2中国市场的收紧让苹果更急于寻找海外的新兴市场,但苹果在印度和巴西两国生产的产品只是用来满足当地需求。
  • 3印度缺少供应链和基础设施。大量存在的廉价劳动力是天然的资源,但公路、铁路、供水设施和完整的供应链要花费这个国家大量的时间去建造。
  • 4苹果对中国的依赖在逐渐加深而非减少,在中国增加的苹果代工厂远超过中国以外。

JIBAXIYUMEIGUODEJIANCHANGJIHUAYUZUHOU,FUSHIKANGZAIYINDUDEXINCHANGYEBUDASUANKAILE。

直播吧手机版 1 YUE 7 RI,YINDUMAHALASHITELABANG(Maharashtra)GONGYEBUZHANGSUBASHEN·DESAI(Subhash Desai)CHENG,YUFUSHIKANGZAIDANGDIHEZUOJIANLIDIANZICHANPINZHIZAOGONGCHANGDEJIHUAYIJINGQUXIAO。

GENJUDESAIDESHUOFA,FUSHIKANGYIJUEDINGBUZAIXIANG 2015 NIANYUZHENGFUQIANSHUDEXIEYIZHONGSUOXIEDENEIYANG,ZAIYINDUTOUZI 50 YIMEIYUAN。ERQUXIAOHEZUODEYUANYIN,SHI“FUSHIKANGYUPINGGUOGONGSICHANSHENGLENEIBUJIUFEN”。

直播吧手机版 FUSHIKANGCENGYUYINDUDACHENGXIEYI,JIHUADAO 2020 NIANZAIYINDUJIANLI 10-12 GEGONGCHANG,YONGYUXIAOFEIDIANZICHANPINDESHENGCHAN。DANJUDESAISUOSHUO,“FUSHIKANGDANGCHUZUOCHUDETOUZICHENGNUOMEIYOUDUIXIAN,JIANGLAIYEBUHUIDUIXIAN。”

直播吧手机版 FUSHIKANGSUIHOUHUIYINGCHENG,“YUPINGGUOCHANSHENG‘NEIBUJIUFEN’DEBAODAOSHIBUZHENSHIDE,YINDUDESHENGCHANJIHUAZHENGZAIXIANGQIANTUIJIN。”DANBINGMEIYOUFOURENXINCHANGBUDASUANKAILEDESHUOFA。

直播吧手机版 ZHEILIANGNIANFUSHIKANGPINPINCHUANCHUQUHAIWAIJIANCHANGDEXIAOXI,DANHENDUOBEISHOUZHUMUDEXIANGMUBINGMEIYOUXIANGYUQIZHONGDENEIYANGSHUNLILUODI,ERSHITAISIFUZHONG。

2011 NIAN,FUSHIKANGJINRUBAXI,JIANCHENG“QUANSHIJIEDIERDAGUIMODEPINGGUOSHOUJISHENGCHANXIAN”,2017 NIANCAIYUANJIANGCHANNENG;2014 NIAN,FUSHIKANGJIHUAZAIYINNITOUZI 10 YIMEIYUAN,2015 NIANYIN“TUDIWENTI”ERJUEDINGBUJIXUJINXINGTOUZI;2018 NIAN,FUSHIKANGZONGCAIGUOTAIMINGYUTELANGPUYIQIWEIMEIGUOWEISIKANGXINGZHOUDEXINCHANGJUXINGDONGGONGYISHI,2019 NIAN,GAIGONGCHENGCHUANCHUTINGBAIDEXIAOXI。

直播吧手机版 XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,SUIRANKUNNANZHONGZHONG,DANFUSHIKANGDECHUHAIDAJIBINGFEIQUANPANJIESHU。GENJUJITOUZIZHEDEJIANBAO,FUSHIKANGZAIBAXI、MOXIGE、RIBEN、YUENAN、YINNI、JIEKE、MEIGUOHEAODALIYADENGGUODOUSHEYOUGONGCHANG。

ZHIBUGUOZHEIXIEGONGCHANGDADUOBINGBUSHENGCHANPINGGUOGONGSIDECHANPIN,HUOZHECHANLIANGFEICHANGXIAO。ERPINGGUODESHENGYIQIAQIASHIFUSHIKANGZUIZHUANQIANDEYEWU。

直播吧手机版 FUSHIKANGWEISHENMEXIANGBAZHIZAOYEDAIDAOHAIWAIQU?

“BUBASUOYOUJIDANFANGZAIYIGELANZILISHISHANGYEDEHUANGJINFAZE。”FUSHIKANGYINDUYEWUFUZEREN Josh Foulger SHUO。

直播吧手机版 ZHEIHUAMEICUO。SHISHISHANGFUSHIKANGDABUFENDEJIDANYIZHIDOUJIZHONGZAIZHONGGUODELANZILI。2019 NIAN,FUSHIKANGXINRENDONGSHIZHANGLIUYANGWEICHENG,FUSHIKANGJINYUE 25% DESHENGCHANNENGLIWEIYUZHONGGUOYIWAIDIQU。

DANSHIZHONGGUODELANZIZHENGZAIFASHENGBIANHUA。

CUIDONGBIANGEDEYIGEZUIZHIJIEDEYUANYINSHIZHONGMEIMOCA——ZAIZHONGGUOZUZHUANGHAODE iPhone ZAIJINKOUMEIGUOSHIKENENGYAOCHENGDANFUJIAGUANSHUI,ZHEIJIFUSHIKANGHEPINGGUODAILAICHENGBENWEIJI。GENJUNIANBAO,ZAIPINGGUODEZHANGQIZICHANZHONG,ZHONGGUOZICHANZHANDAOLE 30% YISHANG。ZHEIXIEZHANGQIZICHANZHUYAOZHIDESHICHANPINJIAGONGHEZHIZAOSHEBEI、LINGSHOUSHANGDIANYIJIXIANGGUANJICHUSHESHI。

DIERGEYUANYINSHIXINXINGSHICHANGZHENGZAITONGGUOJIAZENGGUANSHUIDEFANGSHIBIPINGGUOLAIJIANCHANG。YIYINDUWEILI,ZHEIGEGUOJIAZAIGUOQULIANGNIANLI,XIANJISUOYOUCONGGUOWAIJINKOUDESHOUJIZHENGJIJIAZENG 10% DEJIBENGUANSHUI,ZAIJIANGGUANSHUICONG 10% TIGAOZHI 15%,ZAICONG 15% TIGAOZHI 20%。

直播吧手机版 ZAIXIAOMIDENGZHONGGUOSHOUJIGONGSICHAIZHENGWEILING,BUJINKOUZHENGJIERJINKOULINGJIAN,RANHOUZAIYINDUJINGNEIZUZHUANGHOU,YINDUZHENGFUYOUKAISHIDUISHOUJIHEXINLINGBUJIANZHENGSHOU 10%-15% DEGUANSHUI,BITAMENZHIJIEZAIYINDUGUONEIMAILINGJIAN。

直播吧手机版 PINGGUODEJINGYUYEYIYANG,YAOMEZAIYINDUJIANCHANG,YAOMECHENGDANGAOCHULAIDEGUANSHUICHENGBEN,YAOMEBAYINDUSHICHANGGONGSHOURANGREN。

图片来源:visual hunt

DISANGEYUANYINSHIZHONGGUORENLICHENGBENDESHANGSHENG。ZHONGGUOTONGJIJUSHUJUXIANSHI,ZHONGGUOZHIZAOYEGONGRENDEPINGJUNNIANXINZAI 2012 ZHI 2017 NIANQIJIAN,SHANGZHANGLE 50%。ERYINDUDEGONGRENXINJINBIZHONGGUOBIANYIYUESANFENYI。

ZUIHOU,ZHONGGUOSHICHANGZHENGZAIBEIGENGJIYANDEJINGZHENGDUISHOUTUNSHI。2019 NIANXIABANNIAN,TELANGPUDEYIZHIJINLINGSHIDEHUAWEISHOUJIHAIWAIXIAOSHOUDASHOUYINGXIANG,BIDEHUAWEIFANGUOLAIMENGGONGGUONEISHICHANG,BAOKUOPINGGUOZAINEIDEQITASHOUJIPINPAIZAIGUONEIDEFENEBEIDADATUNSHI。

36 KEDEWENZHANG《2019,ZHONGGUOSHOUJIJINGBIAN150TIAN | SHENKE》JILULEZHEIYICHANGBIANGE。JUDIAOYANJIGOU Canalys BAOGAO,2019 NIAN Q3,HUAWEIZAIGUONEIZHINENGSHOUJISHICHANGDEFENEYIJINGDADAO 42%。TONGSHIQI,Counterpoint Research DEBAOGAOXIANSHI,HUAWEIZHANJULEZHONGGUOCHAOGUOBACHENGDEGAODUANZHINENGSHOUJISHICHANGFENE。

直播吧手机版 SUIRANZAIZHONGGUOZHIZAODE iPhone BUJINJINMAIJIZHONGGUOREN,DANZHONGGUOSHICHANGDESHOUJINHAISHIRANGPINGGUOGENGJIYUXUNZHAOHAIWAIDEXINXINGSHICHANG,BIRUDONGNANYAHELAMEI,YEJIUYOULEGENGDUOLIYOUBAGONGCHANGKAIDAONEILIQU。

直播吧手机版 FUSHIKANGWEISHENMEHENNANZAIHAIWAIZAOPINGGUO?

1.政局不稳,经济形势差

直播吧手机版 BAXISHIFUSHIKANGCHUHAIZAOPINGGUODEDIYIZHAN。

直播吧手机版 2011 NIAN,FUSHIKANGJINRUBAXI,XUANBULESHUSHIYIMEIYUANTOUZIJIHUA,BINGBIAOSHIJIANGBANGZHUBAXICHUANGZAOSHIWANGEJIUYEGANGWEI。ANZHAODANGDIMEITI Istoe Dinheiro DANGSHIDEBAODAO,ZAIBAXISHENGBAOLUOSHI,FUSHIKANGYIJINGJIANSHELEQUANSHIJIEDIERDAGUIMODEPINGGUOSHOUJISHENGCHANXIAN。

直播吧手机版 DANDAO 2017 NIANSHI,FUSHIKANGJINZAIBAXIGUYONGLEYUE 2800 MINGGONGREN。ZUOWEIDUIBI,TONGSHIQIDEFUSHIKANGZHENGZHOUGONGCHANGGUYONGLEYUE 35 WANMINGGONGREN。

直播吧手机版 WENTICHUZAISHENMEDIFANG?ZAIBAXI,FUSHIKANGDEBUDAOWENDINGZHENGJUDEZHICHI,YEDEBUDAOWENBUXIANGSHANGZOUDEJINGJIHUANJING。

直播吧手机版 2011 NIANSHI,LIZHUZHICHIFUSHIKANGLAIJIANCHANGDEBAXINVZONGTONGDIERMA·LUOSAIFUZAI 2016 NIANCHENGWEILESHIJIESHANGDIYIWEIZAODANHEDENVZONGTONG,ZHENGFUCHENGNUOGUODEYIXIESHUISHOUYOUHUIBEIJIANSHAOHUOQUXIAO。

CONGLUOSAIFUJIURENZONGTONGDE 2010 NIANKAISHI,BAXI GDP DENIANZENGZHANGSUDUCONGJIN 10% YILUXIAHUA,2012 NIANCHUXIANLELINGZENGZHANGDEJIAOZHEZHUANGTAI。SHIYELVHETONGZHANGLVYEZHENDANGZOUGAO,DAOFUSHIKANGGUANBI iPad SHENGCHANXIANSHI,YIJINGDADAOLEBAXILISHIGAOWEI。

直播吧手机版 NEIMEFUSHIKANGZAIBAXIJIANCHANGLIUNIANDEXIAOGUORUHENI?

iPhone 在巴西发布的时间和价格 图片来源:counterpoint research

YIKAISHI,JUBAXIMEITIGUJI,DANGDIZUZHUANGKENENGSHI iPad HUO iPhone DEJIAGEJIANGDIDUODA 30%,YINWEICIQIANBAXIDUIJINKOUZHINENGSHOUJIZHENGSHOUCHAOGUO 60% DESHUI。

DANSHI,FUSHIKANGDECHUXIANBINGMEIRANGPINGGUOCHANPINDEJIAGEXIAJIANG。iPhone 6 FASHOUSHI,ZAIBAXIDESHOUJIABIMEIGUOSHOUJIAGAOLE 97%。SHENZHI,LIANANSHIFASHOUDOUZUOBUDAO。BAXIXIAOFEIZHEJIANDAO iPhone 4S SHI,YIJINGBIQUANQIUFASHOUSHIJIANTUICHILEZHISHAOLIANGGEYUE。

2.基础设施缺乏,没有完整的供应链

YINDUDEZHENGZHIJUSHIBIBAXIWENGU,JINGJIFAZHANSHITOUYEHAODEDUO。ERQIEZHEILIHAISHIZHINENGSHOUJIPINPAIBIZHENGDEZUIHOUYIKUAILANHAI。

2015 NIAN,FUSHIKANGZAISILICHENGKAISHELEDIYIJIAYINDUGONGCHANG。ZHEILIGUYONGLE 1.5 WANMINGGONGREN,YINVGONGWEIZHU,RIXINZHIYOU 4 MEIYUANZUOYOU。DANTAMENZUZHUANGDEBUSHIPINGGUO,ERSHIXIAOMI。

2017 NIAN,FUSHIKANGDEDIERJIAZHINENGSHOUJIGONGCHANGZAINANBUTAIMIERNADEBANG Sriperumbudur CHANYEYUANJIANLI,GUYONG 1.2 WANMINGYUANGONGBINGJUEDINGYU 2019 NIANSHOUCIZAIYINDUSHENGCHAN iPhone。

2019 NIAN 10 YUE,YIGEBAOZHUANGHEBEIMIANYINZHE Assembled in India(YINDUZUZHUANG)DE iPhone XR ZHONGYUCHUXIAN,FUSHIKANGCHENGGONGZAIYINDUZAOCHULEPINGGUOSHOUJI。

图片来源:路透社

DANSHIZAIZHEILICHANCHUDEPINGGUOSHULIANGXIANGBIQUANQIUDUIPINGGUODEXUQIUERYAN,ZHISHIBEISHUICHEXIN。LUTOUSHE 2019 NIAN 8 YUEJINGGUODIAOCHAHOUFABUDEBAOGAOXIANSHI,PINGGUOZAIYINDUHEBAXILIANGGUOSHENGCHANDECHANPINZHISHIYONGLAIMANZUDANGDIXUQIU,ERZAIZHONGGUOZENGJIADEPINGGUODAIGONGCHANGYUANCHAOGUOZHONGGUOYIWAI。

GENJUPINGGUODESHUJU,ZAIZHONGGUO,DANSHIFUSHIKANGDEGONGCHANGJIUCONG 2015 NIANDE 19 CHUKUOZHANDAOLE 2019 NIANDE 29 CHU,LINGYIJIADAIGONGCHANGHESHUOZECONG 8 CHUKUOZHANZHI 12 CHU。ERQIETAMENSHISUIZHEPINGGUOZENGJIALEZHINENGSHOUBIAO、ZHINENGYINXIANGHEWUXIANERJIDENGCHANPINXIANERXINSHENGDE。

苹果在全球的主要组装厂分布 图片来源:路透社

BUGUANGSHIZUZHUANGCHANG,ZAIGONGYINGLIANSHANG,PINGGUODUIZHONGGUODEYILAIYEZAIZHUJIANJIASHENERFEIJIANSHAO。LUTOUSHETONGJISHUJUXIANSHI,2015 NIANSHI,QISUOYOUGONGYINGSHANGDECHANGZHIYOU 44.9% ZAIZHONGGUO,DANDAO 2019 NIAN,YISHENGDAO 47.6%。

XIANGBIZHIXIA,YINDUDEQUEXIANHENMINGXIAN——QUESHAOGONGYINGLIANHEJICHUSHESHI。DALIANGCUNZAIDELIANJIALAODONGLISHITIANRANDEZIYUAN,DANGONGLU、TIELU、GONGSHUISHESHIHEWANZHENGDEGONGYINGLIANYAOHUAFEIZHEIGEGUOJIADALIANGDESHIJIANQUJIANZAO。

ZHENGRUBEIJINGYANJIUGONGSI Trivium China DECHUANGSHIHEHUOREN Andrew Polk SUOSHUODENEIYANG,“QUANQIUGONGYINGLIANSHIZHILIPOSUIDE,DANZHONGGUOZHIYOUYIGE。”

ZAIZHONGGUODALU,PINGGUODEGONGYINGLIANJIHUDOUZAI 24 XIAOSHICHECHENGZHINEI,DANSHIFUSHIKANGDEYINDUGONGCHANG,XUDUOLINGJIANHAIYILAI 5800 DUOGONGLIWAIDEZHONGGUOGUANGDONGGONGYING。YOUYUJINNAISHIHEFUJINDIQUYANZHONGQUESHUI,FUSHIKANGDEYINDUYEWUFUZEREN Josh Foulger HAIYAOWEISHUQIANMINGGONGRENJIEJUEYONGSHUIWENTI。

直播吧手机版 ZAIZHEIYANGDEHUANJINGXIA,YINDUDEDAIGONGCHANGKEYICHENGJIE Google Pixel ZHINENGSHOUJIDEDINGDAN,DANYAOJIEPINGGUODEDINGDANJIUYOUDIANMAFAN。YINWEIPINGGUOYAOQIUDECHUHUOLIANGGENGGAO,YAOBAOCHILINGHUOYEJIUGENGNAN。ZAIZHONGGUO,PINGGUOKEYIMEINIANSHENGCHANCHUSHUYIYIJIDESHOUJI,TONGSHIKEYIZHIWEICHIJITIANDEKUCUN,ZHEIRANGPINGGUOKEYIBAOCHIGENGWENJIANDEZIYOUXIANJINLIU。

3.缺少廉价劳动力

ZHIZAOYEXUYAODALIANGDELIANJIALAODONGLI。DANSHIYUENANMEIYOU,MEIGUOYEMEIYOU。

YUENANDELAODONGLIBIANYI,DANSHIBUGOUDUO。ZHEIGEDONGNANYAGUOJIADEZONGRENKOUSHI 9554 WAN,ERZHONGGUOHENANSHENGDEZONGRENKOUSHI 10906 WAN。

MEIGUODELAODONGLIBITADUOYIDIAN,DANSHIBUBIANYI。GUOTAIMINGWEIMEIGUOWEISIKANGXINGZHOUGONGCHANGYUANGONGDENIANXINCHENGNUOSHIDAYUE 5.3 WANMEIYUAN,ERGENJUFUSHIKANGZAIGUONEIGELEIZHAOPINWANGZHANSHANGDACHUDEGUANGGAOLAIKAN,ZHONGGUOPUTONGYIXIANGONGRENDEXINZISHIYUEXIN 3000 YUANZUOYOU。

SUIRANGUOTAIMINGYIKAISHIJIUMEIDASUANZAIMEIGUOZAOPINGGUO——RUTASUOSHUO,FUSHIKANGZAIMEIGUOCHUANGZAODEGONGZUO,JIANGHUISHI“GAOKEJI、GAOXINSHUI、GAOQIANNENG、GAOJIAZHI”DEGONGZUO,ZHUYINGYEWUSHISHENGCHAN LCD YEJINGXIANSHIPINGMIANBAN,DANZONGSHIZHEIYANG,ZHAORENYESHIGEDAWENTI。

ANZHAOZUIZAODEJIHUA,FUSHIKANGGONGCHANGJIANGZAI 2020 NIANDIGUYONG 5200 REN,BING“ZUIZHONGGUYONG 1.3 WANMINGYUANGONG”,RANER 2018 NIANNIANDI,GAIGONGSIZAIWEISIKANGXINZHOUJINGUYONGLE 156 MINGYUANGONG。

2019 NIAN 2 YUE,FUSHIKANGGAOGUANGAOSUMEITIBUHUIZAIJIANSHEZHIZAOGONGCHANG。LIANGTIANHOU,SHUOCIYOUBIANLE,YINWEIGUOTAIMINGHETELANGPUJINXINGLE“SIRENTANHUA”。MEIGUOGONGCHANGKANQILAIYIJINGBUTAIXIANGSHIYIGEJIYUSHANGYELUOJIDECUNZAI,ERSHIYICHANGZHENGZHIYOUXI。

直播吧手机版 CENGLIZHUZHICHIFUSHIKANGJIANCHANG,BINGCHENGNUOTIGONG 40 YIMEIYUANBUTIEDEQIANMEIGUOGUOHUIZHONGYIYUANYIZHANGBAOLUO·RUIAN(Paul Ryan)HEQIANWEISIKANGXINGZHOUZHOUZHANGSIKETE·WOKE(Scott Walker)DOUSHIGONGHEDANGRENSHI。2018 NIAN 9 YUE,ZAITAOLUN《FUSHIKANGFAAN》DEHUIYISHANG,SUIRANZHOUYIHUIZHONGDESUOYOUMINZHUDANGYIYUANDOUTOULEFANDUIPIAO,DANYOUGONGHEDANGKONGZHIDEZHOUYIHUIHAISHITONGGUOLEGAIFAAN。

直播吧手机版 XIANZAI,YIZHIDUIJIANCHANGXIEYICHIZHIYITAIDUDEMINZHUDANGRENANDONGNI·AIFUSI(Anthony Evers)JIETISIKETE·WOKECHENGWEIZHOUZHANG,WEISIKANGXINGYIJINGHUIDAOLEMINZHUDANGRENSHOUZHONG。FUSHIKANGYOUMINGYUNJIHE?

2011 NIAN 2 YUE,AOBAMAZAIGUIGUWANYANSHANGWENQIAOBUSI:“YAOZAIMEIGUOSHENGCHAN iPhone DEHUA,XUYAOMANZUSHENMETIAOJIANNI?ZHEIXIEGONGZUOSHENMESHIHOUNENGHUIDAOMEIGUO?”QIAOBUSIHAOBUHANHUDIHUIDA:“YONGYUANBUKENENG。”

“CHULEZHONGGUOZHIWAI,SHIJIESHANGMEISHENMEDIFANGNENGGOUMEITIANZHIZAOCHU 60 WANZHISHOUJI,”JIUJINSHANGONGYINGLIANGONGSI Fictiv DEZHIXINGZHANG Dave Evans ZAIJIESHOULUTOUSHECAIFANGSHISHUO。

FUSHIKANGRENGRANSHIYIJIAFEICHANGZHUANQIANDEGONGSI,DANMAFANZAIFASHENG。2019 NIANSIJIDUCAIBAOXIANSHI,GONGSIGAIJIDUSHOURUDADAO 1.73 WANYIXINTAIBI,CHUANGXIALISHIDIERGAOJILU,DANTONGBIXIADIELE 4.4%。ZHENGGE 2019 NIAN,FUSHIKANGYINGSHOUWEI 5.33 WANYIXINTAIBI,TONGBISHANGZHANG 0.82%,ZENGSUDAFUFANGHUAN。

FUSHIKANGNENGZAIDIQIUSHANGZHAODAOLINGYIGEZHONGGUOMA?

全自动六头贴片机
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